Adolescents, Youth & FP

Photo Credit:
Photo Credit: Arvind Jodha/UNFPA, Cour
Photo Credit:
Photo Credit: Arvind Jodha/UNFPA, Cour

Overview

The fundamental right of individuals (including young people) to decide, freely and for themselves, whether, when, and how many children to have is central to the vision and goals of FP2020.

Yet today, many of the more than one billion young people (ages 10-24) living in the 69 FP2020 focus countries do not have access to high-quality sexual and reproductive health care programs that meet their needs and empower them to determine matters related to their sexuality for themselves. Unfortunately, many young people are prevented from accessing and using modern forms of contraception due to discrimination, stigma, and a lack of information.

This site is a quick-reference guide to the following:

  • Adolescent & youth content in the FP2020 commitments;

  • Key resources that will equip you with an understanding of how to make the case for investing in young people, and the current state of family planning and adolescent and youth engagement, data, laws/policies, and programs/services; and

  • Youth-led organizations working to promote the rights of young people by improving access to and use of contraception.

This site is not designed to house all available resources related to the reproductive health and rights needs of adolescents and youth. To access more comprehensive indexes or libraries, please visit the following sites:

We are deeply grateful to the many organizations and experts working on adolescent, youth, and family planning—a special thanks to those who collaborated with us to put this resource together. Learn more.

Commitments

Youth-Led Commitments

On International Youth Day 2017, FP2020 launched its the first-ever youth-ledcommitments. These commitments outline the tangible steps that young people are taking to bring rights-based family planning to communities around the world and are made by:

Country Commitments

Since 2012, an increasing number of FP2020 countries have demonstrated political will to prioritize the needs of young people in family planning and sexual and reproductive health programs. At the 2017 Global Summit on Family Planning in London, 42 countries made commitments to FP2020. The vast majority of these countries made commitments that had a focus on young people. Not only are there many more countries making commitments now than there were five years ago, the commitments are clearer, more actionable and more trackable. For example:

  • Mozambique committed to: 1) increase the use of modern contraceptive methods for married/in union adolescents (15-19 years old) from 14.1% (2015) to 19.3% in 2020, and for unmarried sexually active adolescents from 26.7 (2011) to 50% in 2020;

  • Chad (a new commitment maker) is developing a new national framework for advocacy and resource mobilization for the demographic dividend (which focuses on the right to FP access for adolescents and youth);

  • Liberia committed to taking youth-friendly health services and family planning services to scale—at all levels of its health care delivery system; and

  • Myanmar committed to ensuring adolescent and youth friendly health services including access to information on sexual and reproductive health for in-school and out-of- school youth as well as contraceptive services.

For a complete scan of adolescent and youth content in commitments, costed implementation plans, and country action plans, please see this multi-tab spreadsheet of all FP2020 commitment making countries. Please note, all information contained in the spreadsheet is publicly available on FP2020 country pages.

Making the Case for Investing

During adolescence, people form health behaviors that follow them into adulthood. Through timely investments and appropriate engagement, young people can access the information and services they need to decide whether or when they become parents. This decision is important to young people, as they want be healthier, happier, and have greater opportunities. To ensure a sustainable future, the time is right to invest in the lives of the more than a billion young people in FP2020 countries.

KEY RESOURCES: See the following key resources to better understand how to make the case for investing in adolescents and youth.

Adding it up: Cost and Benefits of Meeting the Contraceptive Needs of Adolescent...
A Never-before Opportunity to Strengthen Investment and Action on Adolescent Con...
Building the Foundations for Sustainable Development: a Case for Global Investme...
Make the Case for Investing in Adolescent Reproductive Health (PRB, 2015)
The Global Early Adolescent Study: An Exploration of the Factors that Shape Adol...
Future Scenarios of Adolescent Contraceptive Use, Cost and Impact in Developing...

Engagement

Data

The FP2020 community has learned a great deal about meeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents and youth. Improving the quantity, quality, analysis, and utilization of data is key to understanding where and which young people have been reached, where gaps remain, and how to bring effective programs to scale.

Take action on data, adolescents, and youth by signing on to this statement.

KEY RESOURCES: See the following key resources to better understand the current data and evidence on the sexual and reproductive health of young people.

Sexual and Reproductive Health in Early and Later Adolescence: DHS Data on Youth...
Mind the Gap: A Commentary on Data Gaps and Opportunities for Action in Meeting...
Adolescents and Youth Dashboard* (UNFPA)
The sexual and reproductive health needs of very young adolescents age 10-14 in...

*Please note that some estimates for MCPR, Unmet Need, and Demand Satisfied by age group in this dashboard differ with FP2020 2017 Progress Report tables due to the recency of the survey that was reported.

Take action on data, adolescents, and youth by signing on to this statement

Rights, Policy, & Law

The fundamental right of individuals (including young people) to decide, freely and for themselves, whether, when, and how many children to have is central to the vision and goals of FP2020. The international community has agreed that the right to health includes the right to control one’s health and body, including sexual and reproductive freedom. While policies, laws, and conventions should function to protect the most vulnerable, we know that young people too often experience harmful and unnecessary barriers when trying to access and use contraception (such as age or marital status restrictions). Fortunately, there are cases where the right to health is upheld and protected by national policies or laws (such as policies which focus on integrating youth services and providing free or discounted contraceptives services for young people).

KEY RESOURCES: See the following resources to better understand the current role policies and laws play in protecting or restricting young people’s right to health, including sexual and reproductive freedom.

Leading the realization of human rights to health and through health (High-Level...
Overprotected and underserved: A multi country study on legal barrier to young p...
Reproductive Rights Under the Convention on the Rights of the Child (Center for...
Rights and Empowerment Principles for Family Planning (FP2020 Performance, Monit...
Youth Family Planning Policy Scorecard (PRB, 2017) Français
WHO recommendations on adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights

Programs & Services

Effective sexual and reproductive health programs and services have the ability to positively alter the trajectory of young people’s lives and the development of a country.  Thankfully, FP2020 country governments are increasingly committed to meeting the needs of young people. Therefore, it is particularly important to ensure that programs and services are evidence-based before they go to scale.

Take action on expanding contraceptive choice for adolescents and youth by signing on to this statement.

KEY RESOURCES: See the following key resources to better understand the current evidence on programs and services that do (or do not) meet the needs of young people.

Adolescent-Friendly Contraceptive Services (AFCS): Mainstreaming Adolescent-Frie...
Girls in Disaster & Conflict: Interventions for Improving Access to Sexual a...
Improving Sexual and Reproductive Health of Young People: A Strategic Planning G...
Providing Adolescent Sexual & Reproductive Health Services: What We Know (In...
What Does Not Work in Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health: A Review of Evi...
Interventions for Preventing Unintended, Rapid Repeat Pregnancy Among Adolescent...

Map of Youth-led Organizations

This map displays youth-led organizations working to promote the rights of young people by improving access to sexual and reproductive health services, including contraception.

Microsite Map

Note:

  • The organizations featured here responded to a survey disseminated by the FP2020 Secretariat – inclusion on this list was by request and does not imply credibility or a relationship with FP2020.
  • The location of organizations is approximate based on information provided. Please contact the organization to determine its exact location.
  • If you work for a youth-led organization that would like to be featured, please complete this survey in English or French. We will be updating this map every six months.  

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the many organizations and experts who assisted in the development of this microsite, especially those at the following institutions: Advocates for YouthBill & Melinda Gates FoundationDfIDInternational Youth Alliance for Family PlanningJohns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs (CCP)UNFPAUSAID, and the World Health Organization’s Department of Reproductive Health and Research. We also acknowledge that not all of those organizations who contributed to the development of this microsite are in agreement with all of its contents. FP2020 is not responsible for the contents of any referenced websites or for the availability of access to such websites.

If you have any feedback on how to improve this site, please email Emily Sullivan, Youth Engagement Manager, esullivan@familyplanning2020.org

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