Adolescents, Youth & FP
The fundamental right of individuals (including young people) to decide, freely and for themselves, whether, when, and how many children to have is central to the vision and goals of FP2020.
Yet today, many of the more than one billion young people (ages 10-24) living in the 69 FP2020 focus countries do not have access to high-quality sexual and reproductive health care programs that meet their needs and empower them to determine matters related to their sexuality for themselves. Unfortunately, many young people are prevented from accessing and using modern forms of contraception due to discrimination, stigma, and a lack of information.
This site is a quick-reference guide to the following:
Adolescent & youth content in the FP2020 commitments;
Key resources that will equip you with an understanding of how to make the case for investing in young people, and the current state of family planning and adolescent and youth engagement, data, laws/policies, and programs/services; and
Youth-led organizations working to promote the rights of young people by improving access to and use of contraception.
This site is not designed to house all available resources related to the reproductive health and rights needs of adolescents and youth. To access more comprehensive indexes or libraries, please visit the following sites:
Adolescents Sexual and Reproductive Health,International Women’s Health Coalition
Preventing Adolescent Pregnancy, K4Health
Sexual Rights Initiative, National Sexual Rights Law and Policy Database
Youth Policy Toolkit, K4Health
Youth Power, USAID
We are deeply grateful to the many organizations and experts working on adolescent, youth, and family planning—a special thanks to those who collaborated with us to put this resource together. Learn more.
On International Youth Day 2017, FP2020 launched its the first-ever youth-ledcommitments. These commitments outline the tangible steps that young people are taking to bring rights-based family planning to communities around the world and are made by:
- Alliance des Jeunes Ambassadeurs pour la Santé de la Reproduction et la planification familiale en Afrique de l’Ouest Francophone
- International Youth Alliance for Family Planning
- Organization of Africa Youth-Kenya
- Tanzania Youth and Adolescent Reproductive Health Coalition (TAYARH)
- Uganda Youth and Adolescents Health Forum (UYAHF)
Since 2012, an increasing number of FP2020 countries have demonstrated political will to prioritize the needs of young people in family planning and sexual and reproductive health programs. At the 2017 Global Summit on Family Planning in London, 42 countries made commitments to FP2020. The vast majority of these countries made commitments that had a focus on young people. Not only are there many more countries making commitments now than there were five years ago, the commitments are clearer, more actionable and more trackable. For example:
Mozambique committed to: 1) increase the use of modern contraceptive methods for married/in union adolescents (15-19 years old) from 14.1% (2015) to 19.3% in 2020, and for unmarried sexually active adolescents from 26.7 (2011) to 50% in 2020;
Chad (a new commitment maker) is developing a new national framework for advocacy and resource mobilization for the demographic dividend (which focuses on the right to FP access for adolescents and youth);
Liberia committed to taking youth-friendly health services and family planning services to scale—at all levels of its health care delivery system; and
Myanmar committed to ensuring adolescent and youth friendly health services including access to information on sexual and reproductive health for in-school and out-of- school youth as well as contraceptive services.
For a complete scan of adolescent and youth content in commitments, costed implementation plans, and country action plans, please see this multi-tab spreadsheet of all FP2020 commitment making countries. Please note, all information contained in the spreadsheet is publicly available on FP2020 country pages.
Making the Case for Investing
During adolescence, people form health behaviors that follow them into adulthood. Through timely investments and appropriate engagement, young people can access the information and services they need to decide whether or when they become parents. This decision is important to young people, as they want be healthier, happier, and have greater opportunities. To ensure a sustainable future, the time is right to invest in the lives of the more than a billion young people in FP2020 countries.
KEY RESOURCES: See the following key resources to better understand how to make the case for investing in adolescents and youth.
One of the most important ways to ensure sexual and reproductive health care services meet the needs of young people is to include their active and full engagement in the development and implementation of programs and policies that have an impact on their lives. Young people provide compelling insights that can ensure programs are effective.
KEY RESOURCES: See the following key resources to better understand how to successfully partner and engage with young people.
The FP2020 community has learned a great deal about meeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents and youth. Improving the quantity, quality, analysis, and utilization of data is key to understanding where and which young people have been reached, where gaps remain, and how to bring effective programs to scale.
Take action on data, adolescents, and youth by signing on to this statement.
KEY RESOURCES: See the following key resources to better understand the current data and evidence on the sexual and reproductive health of young people.
*Please note that some estimates for MCPR, Unmet Need, and Demand Satisfied by age group in this dashboard differ with FP2020 2017 Progress Report tables due to the recency of the survey that was reported.
Take action on data, adolescents, and youth by signing on to this statement
Rights, Policy, & Law
The fundamental right of individuals (including young people) to decide, freely and for themselves, whether, when, and how many children to have is central to the vision and goals of FP2020. The international community has agreed that the right to health includes the right to control one’s health and body, including sexual and reproductive freedom. While policies, laws, and conventions should function to protect the most vulnerable, we know that young people too often experience harmful and unnecessary barriers when trying to access and use contraception (such as age or marital status restrictions). Fortunately, there are cases where the right to health is upheld and protected by national policies or laws (such as policies which focus on integrating youth services and providing free or discounted contraceptives services for young people).
KEY RESOURCES: See the following resources to better understand the current role policies and laws play in protecting or restricting young people’s right to health, including sexual and reproductive freedom.
Programs & Services
Effective sexual and reproductive health programs and services have the ability to positively alter the trajectory of young people’s lives and the development of a country. Thankfully, FP2020 country governments are increasingly committed to meeting the needs of young people. Therefore, it is particularly important to ensure that programs and services are evidence-based before they go to scale.
Take action on expanding contraceptive choice for adolescents and youth by signing on to this statement.
KEY RESOURCES: See the following key resources to better understand the current evidence on programs and services that do (or do not) meet the needs of young people.
Map of Youth-led Organizations
This map displays youth-led organizations working to promote the rights of young people by improving access to sexual and reproductive health services, including contraception.
- The organizations featured here responded to a survey disseminated by the FP2020 Secretariat – inclusion on this list was by request and does not imply credibility or a relationship with FP2020.
- The location of organizations is approximate based on information provided. Please contact the organization to determine its exact location.
- If you work for a youth-led organization that would like to be featured, please complete this survey in English or French. We will be updating this map every six months.
We are grateful to the many organizations and experts who assisted in the development of this microsite, especially those at the following institutions: Advocates for Youth, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, DfID, International Youth Alliance for Family Planning, Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs (CCP), UNFPA, USAID, and the World Health Organization’s Department of Reproductive Health and Research. We also acknowledge that not all of those organizations who contributed to the development of this microsite are in agreement with all of its contents. FP2020 is not responsible for the contents of any referenced websites or for the availability of access to such websites.
If you have any feedback on how to improve this site, please email Emily Sullivan, Youth Engagement Manager, firstname.lastname@example.org